高一英语教案Nelson Mandela a modern her

编辑: 逍遥路 关键词: 高中英语 来源: 高中学习网

1. quality

(1)[u. c.]质,质量,品质

e.g. Quality is more important than quantity.

(2)[c.]性质,特性,特点

e.g. One quality of wood is that it can burn.

(3)[c.]品德,品性

e.g. Modesty is one of his good qualities.

注:quality作“品性”讲时,经常指一个人性格中美好的部分。表示某物“具有……的品性”时用介词of。

2.warm – hearted

cold – hearted kind - hearted warm - blooded cold – blooded

3.mean

(1)adj.吝啬的,小气的

be mean with/about sth.对于……是吝啬的

(2)adj.(人或其行为)卑鄙的,刻薄的

be mean to sb./sth.

e.g. They were mean to me.

(3)adj.熟练的,出色的

e.g. David Beckham is a mean football player.

(4)vt. 意思是;意味着表示……的意思;打算;有……目的

mean to do sth. mean doing sth.

4.active

(1)积极的

be active in sth.在……方面积极的

take an active part in sth.积极参加某事

e.g. The government took active measures to prevent the spread of the disease.

(2)(尤指体力上)忙碌的;活跃的

(3)(思想上)充满活力的,活跃的

e.g. That child has a very active imagination.

5.devote

be devoted to sb./sth.

be devoted to doing sth.

devoted oneself to…

to: prep. pay attention to…

It is well know that he devoted his whole life to promoting world peace.(将他的一生奉献于促进世界和平)(devote, promote)

6.die for
(1)因……而死

(2)渴望,极想(进行时态)

e.g. I’m dying for a cup of water.

7. fight

fight + n.

fight with sb.

fight against sb./sth.

fight for sth.

fight back

8.advice

a piece of advice

advice sb. (not) to do

advice sb. against doing sth.

advice doing

advice that-clause (should do)

advice sb. on sth.

advice wh- to do

辨析:

易混词 辨析 例句

advice “忠告,建议”为不可数名词,表示“提建议”用动词give或offer。 He gave me some advice on how to improve my English.

suggestion “建议”,可数名词,表示“提建议”时用动词make。 What suggestions did he make just now?

tip “指点,建议”,往往指内部的或专家性的指导或告诫。 The 高中物理 following are tips for Internet surfers.

9.guidance

under/with the guidance of sb.

10.after

after后接doing作宾语时,doing的逻辑主语应和句子的主语一致,否则错误。

误:After getting up, the telephone rang.

正:After he got up, the telephone rang.

After getting up, he made the bed.

11.choose

choose chose chosen

choose n.

choose from/between

choose sb. as/for

choose sth. for sb.

cannot choose but to do

辨析:
易混词 辨析 例句

choose 为“选择”的一般用语,指从较多的人或物中选出。 We chose this book as a present for him.

select 强调“精挑细选”,有“择优”和“分层次”之意。 He has been selected for the team.

elect 意为“选举”,指重大选举中选出某人担任某一职务。 He was the first black to be elected president.

12.blow up

(1)炸毁

(2)吹胀,给……充气

blow away枪杀;彻底战胜;使(某人)大为惊讶

blow in不期而至

blow out吹灭,吹熄

blow off不重视,轻视

blow over吹倒,刮倒

13.equal

(1)be equal to

(2)be/feel equal to (doing) sth.胜任,经得起

(3)vt.等于,比得上

e.g. Four times five equals twenty.

14.power

have the power to do

take power; come into power

(be) in power

lose power

15.beg

(1)恳求,乞求

beg sb. for sth.

beg sth. of/from sb.

beg sb. to do sth.

beg to do sth.

(2)乞讨,讨要,行乞

beg for sth.

beg from sb.

beg sth. from sb.

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