编辑: 逍遥路 关键词: 九年级 来源: 高中学习网
1. all the time
2. on one’s way to
3. depend on oneself
4. enjoy oneself
5. have one’s hair cut
6. instead of
7. go to the movies
8. stay up late
9. fail the exam
10. be strict with
11. keep healthy
12. become noisy
13. learn from
14. at present
15. be able to do
16. be interested in
17. be worried about
18. a running star
19. come true 20. make a decision
21. see sb. doing/do
22. keep sb. doing
23. feel sleepy
24. dress sb.
25. be worn out
26. the whole school
27. after school
28. be used for
29. be made in
30. get in the way of
31. pay attention to
32. concentrate on
33. do chores
34. written English
35. the other day
36. have an opportunity to do sth .
37. be a good experience for sb.
38. be a good way to do
1. I don’t think twelve-year-olds should be allowed to get their ears pierced. (P18)我认为不应该允许12岁的孩子穿耳孔。
(1)当主句的主语是第一人称I或we,谓语动词是think, believe, suppose, guess等词时,其后的从句不能是含有not的否定句;若要否定,须将not提到主句。在翻译时,按汉语习惯译作否定从句。例如:“我想他不会给你打电话的”应译为I don’t think he will give you a call而不是I think he won’t give you a call。
We think you can help him, can’t you? 我们认为你能帮助他,不是吗?
I don’t think he is a good student, is he? 我认为他不是个好学生,对吗?
(2)本句中的twelve-year-olds相当于twelve-year-old teenagers,意为“12岁的孩子/年轻人”。
two-month holiday 两个月的假期
a sixty-pound stone 一块60磅的石头
(3)get their ears pierced属于“get+名词/代词+动词的过去分词”结构,表示“使……被做”,“请人做……”。
Go and get your hair cut! 你去理理发吧。
Why haven’t you got the work done yet? 你为什么还不叫人把活干了呢?
2. I disagree. (P19)我不同意。
I agree. (P19)我同意。
(1)agree意为“赞成,同意”,用来表示同意某人的意见、观点等;可以单独使用,也可以接由with, to, on等引导的介词短语或接从句。
—Shall we go to the zoo tomorrow? 我们明天去动物园,好吗?
—I agree. 我同意。
I quite agree with you. 我完全赞成你的意见。
Do you agree on this plan? 你同意这个计划吗?
agree with, agree to和agree on都表示“同意”,但用法不同。
◎agree with表示“同意”,后面接表示人的名词或代词,也可以接表示“意见,看法”的名词。
We all agree with him. 我们都同意他的意见。
Do you agree with my ideas? 你同意我的观点吗?
◎agree to表示“同意”,后面接表示“计划,建议,安排”等的名词,接动词原形时构成动词不定式结构。
He agreed to our plan at last. 最后他同意了我们的计划。
They agreed to come on Monday. 他们同意星期一来。
◎agree on表示“(两人以上)就……取得一致意见,在……方面意见一致”,其主语多为复数形式,宾语是表示事、计划等的名词,而不是表示人的名词或代词,它可以与agree in doing sth替换。
They agreed on the plan.
=They agreed in doing the plan. 他们对这个计划意见一致。
agree with也可以表示“某人适应(食物、气候等)”。
The weather doesn’t agree with me. 我不适应这种天气。
(2)disagree是agree的反义词,相当于not agree。
3. They talk instead of doing homework. (P19)他们会说话而不做作业。
本句中的instead of是复合介词,意思是“代替”,后面往往接名词、代词、动名词或介词短语, of后面的内容是被否定的。
I want that book instead of this one. 我要那本书而不是这本。
We went to swim instead of playing basketball.
副词instead和instead of意思相同,但用法却不同。instead意为“代替,顶替”,常位于句首或句末,可不译。
I didn’t go to cinema. Instead, I went to go shopping.
The water here is not good, so I drink coffee instead.
4. Find someone who is allowed to stay up until 11∶00 pm. (P20) 找出被允许熬夜到11点的人。
(1)who is allowed to stay up until 11∶00 pm是一个定语从句,用来修饰前面的someone。
The man who is smoking is my father. 正在抽烟的那个人是我的父亲。
The foreigner who visited our class is from Canada.
(2)stay up在这里是“熬夜”,“不睡觉”的意思,相当于not go to bed。
He stayed up too late last night. 他昨天晚上熬夜到很晚。
She promised the children they could stay up for homework.
5. Do you ever worry that you’ll fail a test? (P21)你曾经担心过考试不及格吗?
fail表示考试“不及格”或“不通过”,相当于not pass。
I think I may fail in the English exam this time.我想这次英语考试我可能不及格。
6. Parents should not be too strict with teenagers. (P21)父母对青少年不应该要求太严格。
The teacher was very strict with his students. 这位老师对学生非常严厉。
He is always strict in his work. 他总是对工作要求很严格。
7. The other day, my friends and I talked about the rules that we have in school. (P22)那天,我和我的朋友们谈论我们学校的各种规章制度。
(1)the other day表示“几天以前,不久前的一天”。
I saw him in the street the other day. 不久前的一天,我在街上看到了他。
Li Ming and I went shopping the other day. 几天以前我和李明去购物了。
(3)本句中的get to意为“开始,着手”,后面接动词的-ing形式,表示“着手或开始做某事”。
We get to working after a short rest. 我们歇息了一会儿后就开始干起活来。
He got to wondering why he was in the job.
8. We think young people should look smart and so we would like to wear our own clothes. (P22)我们想年轻人应该看起来漂亮潇洒,因此我们想穿自己的衣服。
The dolphin is a smart animal. 海豚是聪明的动物。
He looks very smart in his suit. 他穿上他的西装看起来很帅气。
(2)would like意为“想要”,相当于want,后面接名词或动词不定式。
I would like a cup of coffee. 我想要杯咖啡。
I didn’t want to go to the cinema. I would like to stay at home.
◎ would like sb to do sth表示“想要某人做某事”。
I’d like you to help me with my homework. 我想要你帮助我做家庭作业。
feel like也可以译为“想要”,有时可以与would like替换;其后接名词或动词的-ing形式。
She feels like a good meal. 她想美美地吃一顿。
I feel like seeing a film tonight. 我今晚想去看电影。
9. Our teachers believe that if we did that, we would concentrate more on our clothes than our studies. (P22)我们老师相信,如果我们那样做了,我们就会将注意力更多地集中在服装上,而不是学习上。
I don’t believe his story. 我不相信他的故事。
I believe he told us the truth. 我认为他告诉我们的是真的。
◎believe in表示“信任”(即trust)。
She doesn’t believe in God. 她不信奉上帝。
(2)在that if...的句中,that放在believe后面用来引导一个宾语从句,而if则在宾语从句中引导一个条件状语从句,we would...则是宾语从句中的主句。
We are sure that if they come on time, they won’t be in the rain.
(3)动词concentrate常常构成concentrate(...)on sth,表示“专心致志(于某件事),精神集中,全神贯注(做某事)”。
I can’t concentrate on my work when I’m hungry. 我饿了就无法集中精力工作。
We must concentrate our attention on efficiency. 我们必须把注意力集中在效率上。
10. I know we get noisy sometimes, but we learn a lot from each other. (P22)我知道我们有时很吵,但是我们相互之间可以学到很多东西。
We used to learn English from Da Shan. 我们以前常常跟大山学英语。
He never learns from his mistakes. 他从来不从错误中吸取教训。
◎learn to do sth“学习,学会做某事”。
I’m learning to keep rabbits. 我正学着养兔子。
How did Bill Gates learn to work out a software programme?
learn of“听到”,“获悉”。
He learned of the accident just now. 他刚才听到事故的消息。
(2)each other意为“互相”,通常指两者之间,在句中用作宾语、定语等;而one another意为“互相”,用来指两个以上的人或事物的相互关系。
You and I understand each other perfectly. 你我彼此很了解。
The two girls often help each other in their lessons.
在现代英语中,each other和one another在用法上没有什么区别,一般认为each other多用于非正式文体;而one another多用于较正式文体。
11. Last summer I had an opportunity to volunteer at the local hospital. (P22)去年夏天,我有机会在一家当地医院做志愿者。
Thousands of men volunteered when the war broke out.
We volunteered to raise the money. 我们志愿募捐。
This work costs us nothing. It’s all done by volunteers. 这项工作我们没有花一点钱,全是由志愿人员完成的。
Following the national news we have the local news and weather.
She’s a local girl. 她是本地姑娘。
The locals like to visit friends on weekends. 当地人喜欢周末访友。
12. I would like to reply to the article “Helping and Learning” in your last newsletter. (P23)我想回答你们上期简讯上“帮与学”这篇文章中的问题。
He didn’t reply to my letter. 他没有给我回信。
How can you reply to my questions? 你如何回答我的问题呢?
reply严格地说是经过深思熟虑后,一一答复对方的问题或观点,故当以answer表示像answer the telephone这样一般性的应答时,不能用reply代替。
(2)in your last newsletter是介词短语,在句中用作定语,修饰article。
13. “I know my parents care about me,” he says. (P24)“我知道父母关心我,”他说。
本句中的care about为及物动词短语,意为“关心,在乎,介意”,其后接名词或代词,一般用于肯定句或疑问句。
The girl never cares about others. 那个女孩从不关心别人。
She didn’t care about anything people might say. 人们说什么她都不在乎。
1. Teenager should be allowed to go out with their friends every night.
2. Students should not be allowed to have part-time jobs.
3. I don’t think sixteen- year-olds should be allowed to drive.
4. He should stop wearing that silly earring.
5. He doesn’t seem to have many friends.
6. I’m allowed to go to the movies with friends on Friday nights. Me, too, but I have to be home by 10:00 pm.
7. Find someone who is allowed to stay up until 11:00 pm.
8. Parents should not be too strict with teenagers.
9. The problem is that all my classmates think the uniforms are ugly.
10. We think young people should look smart and so we would like to wear our own clothes.
11. Our teachers believe that if we did that, we would concentrate more on our clothes than our studies.
12. We would feel more comfortable and that is good for studying.
13. I know we get noisy sometimes, but we learn a lot from each other.
14. Last summer I had an opportunity to volunteer at the local hospital, but I couldn’t because I had to go back to school.
15. I can’t choose which pair of jeans to buy. They both look good on me.
16. Last year we went to an old people’s home and sang songs and performed a play for them.
17. For example, we should visit primary schools and help teach young students.
18. Some students should be allowed to have Friday afternoons off to volunteer and help others.
19. But sometimes these hobbies can get in the way of schoolwork, and parents might worry about their child’s success at school.
20. However, his parents won’t allow him to train as much as he would like to.
21. Now that he is getting older, he needs to think about what will happen if he doesn’t become a professional runner in the end.
22. But I’m serious about running. Being a professional runner is the only thing I want to do.
23. We don’t allow him to practice every day because we think he needs to spend time on his homework.
24. I know my parents care about me. But they are always talking about what will happen if I don’t succeed.
  Cats  eat  fish.    (主动语态)猫吃鱼。

  Fish is eaten by cats. (被动语态)鱼被猫吃。
  由“助动词be +及物动词的过去分词”构成
  助动词be 有人称、数和时态的变化,其变化规则与be 作为连系动词时完全一样。
一般现在 时am
are +过去分词
is English is spoken in many countries.
一般过去 时was +过去分词
were + 过去分词This bridge was built in 1989.
情 态
动 词can/should
may +be+过去分词
must/……The work must be done right now.
2. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事(主动语态)如:
  Mother allows me to watch TV every night. 妈妈允许我每晚看电视。
 be allowed to do sth. 被允许做某事(被动语态)如:
  LiLy is allowed to go to Qinzhou. 莉莉被允许去钦州。
3. get their ears pierced 穿耳洞
 让/使(别人)做某事  get sth. done(过去分词)
            have sth. done 如:
 I get my car made. == I have my car made. 我让别人修好我的车
4. enough 足够 
 形容词+enough 如:beautiful enough 足够漂亮
enough+名词 如:enough food 足够食物
enough to  足够…去做… 如:
   I have enough money to go to Beijing. 我有足够的钱去北京。
She is old enough to go to school.她够大去读书了。
5. stop doing sth. 停止做某事 Please stop speaking.请停止说话。
stop to do sth. 停止下来去做某事 Please stop to speak.
6. 看起来好像…sb. seem to do sth. = it seems that +从句
He seems to feel very sad.
It seems that he feels very sad. 他看起来好像很伤心。
7. 系动词不能独立作谓语,要和表语一起构成谓语。常用的连系动词有:look, feel, be, become, get, turn, smell, taste, stay(保持), kept等。连系动词除be 和become 等少数词可接名词作表语外,一般都是接形容词。 如:
  They are very happy. He became a doctor two years ago. She felt very tired.
8. 倒装句:
由so+助动词(be/do/will/have)/情态动词+主语 意为:…也是一样
  She is a student. So am I. 她是一个学生,我也是。
She went to school just now. So did I . 她刚才去学校了,我也是
She has finished the work. So have I . 她已经完成了工作,我也完成了。
She will go to school. So will he. 她将去学校,他也是。
9. yet 仍然,还 常用在否定句或疑问句当中
10. stay up 熬夜如:I often stay up until 12:00pm.我经常熬夜到12点。
11. clean up 打扫 整理 如:
  I have cleaned up the bedroom. 我已经打扫完了卧室。
12. 程度副词:
always总是 usually经常 sometimes有时 never从不
如:I am always/usually/sometimes/never late for school.
13. 曾经做某事: 
  Do you ever get to school late? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.
Have you ever got to school late? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t.
14. go shopping(去购物), go fishing(去钓鱼), go swimming(去游泳), go boating(去划船), go hiking(去登山), go trekking(去徒步)
15. be strict with sb. 对某人严厉 如:
Mother is strict with her son. 妈妈对她的儿子很严厉。
16. take the test 参加考试
pass the test 通过考试
fail a test 考试失败
17. the other day 前几天
18. agree 同意 反义词 disagree不同意 动词
agreement 同意 反义词 disagreement 不同意 名词
18. keep sb/ sth. +形容词 使某人/某物保持…. 如:
  We should keep our city clean.我们应该保持我们的城市干净。
19. both…and… +动词复数形式
如: Both Jim and Li Ming play bastketball.
20. learn (sth.) from sb. 向谁学习(什么) 如:
Jim learnt English from his English teacher. 吉姆向他的英语老师学习英语
21. have an opportunity to do sth. 有机会做某事
have a chance of doing sth. 有机会做某事
如:I have an opportunity to go to Beijing. I have a chance of going to Beijing.
22. at present 目前
23. at least 最少 at most 最多
24. 花费 take ,cost, spend , pay
sth. take (sb.) time to do sth. It took (me) 10days to read the book.
sth. cost (sb.) …… The book cost (me) 100yuan.
sb. spend … on sth. She spent 10days on this book.
sb. spend …doing sth. She spent 10days reading this book.
sb. pay … for sth. She paid 10yuan for this book.
25. have +时间段+off 放假,休息 如:have 2 days off
26. reply to 答复某人 如:She replayed to MrGreen.
27. agree with sth. 同意某事 如:I agree with that idea.
agree to sb. 同意某人的意见 如:I agree to LiLei.
28. get in the way of 碍事,妨碍 如:
Her social life got in the way of her studies. 她的社会生活妨碍了她的学习。
29. success n. succeed v. successful adj. successfully adv.
30. think about 与think of 的区别
①当两者译为: 认为、想起、记着时,两者可互用
I often think about/ of that day. 我经常想起那天。
②think about 还有“考虑”之意 ,think of 想到、想出时两者不能互用
At last, he thought of a good idea. 最后他想出了一个好主意。
We are thinking about going Qinzhou. 我们正在考虑去钦州。
31. 对… 热衷, 对…兴趣
be serious about doing 如:She is serious about dancing. 她对跳舞热衷。
be serious about sth. 如:She is serious about him. 她对他感兴趣。
32. practice doing 练习做某事 She often practice speaking English.
33. care about sb. 关心某人 如:Mother often care about her son.
34. also 也 用于句中
either也 用于否定句且用于句末
too 也 用于肯定句且用于句末
I am also a student. 我也是一个学生
I am a student too. 我也是一个学生。
I am not a student either. 我也不是一个学生。
1. The woman clean the office every day. -The office ______ _________ every day .
2. A loud noise woke us up. -We _______ ________ up by a loud noise .
3. Workers are building some new houses near the park.
-Some new houses ________ _________ ____________ near the park.
4. Someone has stolen my keys. -My keys _______ ________ __________.
5. Teachers and parents shouldn’t allow teanagers to wear their own clothes.
-Teenagers _________ _________ ___________ to wear their own clothes
6. He gave me a book. -I ________ ___________ a book by him. (以间接宾语me做主语)
-A book ________ ________ me by Tom. (以直接宾语a book作主语)
7. I saw him go into the office building.
-He _______ ________ _______ _______ into the office building.
8. They take good care of my child. -My child ______ ______ good care of.
9. I think that he is right. -_______ ______ _______ that he is right.
smoke, wear earrings, play computer games, choose one’s own clothes, have longer vacation.

本文来自:逍遥右脑记忆 http://www.jiyifa.com/chusan/71466.html

相关阅读:九年级英语Where would you like to visit教案