8A Unit5-6重点词组、句型及语法复习提纲

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8A Unit 5词组、句型及语法复习提纲



一、词组或短语


序号


Chinese


English


1

去观鸟

go birdwatching


2

在市场

at the market


3

在入口处

at the entrance


4

一个自然保护区

a nature reserve


5

在中国东北

in north-east China = in the north-east of China


6

世界上最重要的湿地之一

one of the world’s most important wetlands = one of the most important wetlands in the world


7

一年到头;终年

all (the) year round = the whole year


8

提供某物给某人

provide sth. for sb. = provide sb. with sth.


9

一个生活区

a living area


10

为某人/某物让出空间

make space/room for sb./sth.


11

去那儿作短暂的逗留

go there for a short stay

= stay there for a short time


12

数鸟

do a bird count=count birds


13

一年一次

once a year


14

研究不同种类的鸟

study the different kinds of birds


15

它们在数量上的变化

the changes in their numbers


16

湿地的重要性

the importance of wetlands


17

濒临灭绝的(处于危险状态的)

in a dangerous state = endangered


18

一个受到保护的地区/地方

a protected area


19

走很长的路

walk a long way


20

采取措施做某事

take action to do sth.


21

让某人做某事(使役动词用法)

make sb. do sth.


22

返回

come/go back = return

回到学校

come/go back to school = return to school


23

许多(后接复数名词)

a (large) number of = many

……的数目(单数)

the number of……


24

一个申请表

an application form


25

以……方式向某人打招呼

greet sb. with……


26

把某物忘/留在某地

leave sth. sw.

把垃圾留在那儿

leave litter there


27

乱扔垃圾

drop litter carelessly


28

有……..的面积

have an area of …….


29

阻止某人做某事

prevent/stop sb. (from) doing sth.

=keep sb. from doing sth.


30

记笔记

take notes


31

加入观鸟俱乐部的申请

application to join the Birdwatching Club


32

成为…的一个成员/加入

become/be a member of = join


33

对做某事感兴趣

be interested in doing sth.


34

迫不及待地做某事

can’t wait to do sth. = can’t wait for sth.


35



来参加俱乐部活动

come to club activities


36

尖尖的翅膀

pointed wings


37

在观看(鸟)期间

during the watch


38

例如

for example = e.g.


39

有空

be free


40

兴趣和爱好

interests and hobbies


41

防止洪水(防洪)

prevent flood

二、重点句子及句型:

1. I am going birdwatching at the market.

2. Which bird do you like best?

3. The area is a great place for wildlife because it provides food and shelter for them..

4. It is one of the world's most important wetlands.

5. More and more birds are in danger because they do not have enough space.

6. Some people want to change the wetlands to make space for farms and buildings.

7.This means there will be less and less space for the wildlife.

8. He told us not to make any noise and not to run.

9. Swallow flies to northern countries in summer.

10. Many birds live in Zhalong Nature Reserve all year round and some go there for a short stay.

11. Zhalong is one of the nature reserves for these endangered birds.

12. This year members of our Birdwatching Club are studying the different kinds of birds in Zhanlong and the changes in their numbers.

13.We do a bird count once a year.

14.We hope this information will help them understand and make them take action to protect wildlife.

15. Studying Zhalong helps us learn about protecting wildlife.

16. She speaks fluent French. = She speaks French fluently.

17.We talked loudly until Mr Wu told us to be quiet.

18.It has an area of more than 210,000 hectares. = It is over 210,000 hectares in area.

19.Zhalong is the home of a lot of plants and animals, including different kinds of birds.

20.Providing food and shelter for endangered birds is not the only reason for us to protect wetlands.

21.I think it is important for me to do something to protect birds.

22. You can call me on 010-5558 6390 or e-mail me at .

23. They simply can’t wait for the party next week.

三、语法: 1.识别五种基本句型结构。 2.掌握副词的构成方法及在句子中的应 8A Unit 6词组、句型及语法复习提纲



一、词组或短语


序号


Chinese


English


1

自然灾害

natural disasters


2

全身湿透

be/get all wet


3

将…拖干净(代词放中间)

mop…up


4

将…冲走(代词放中间)

wash…away


5

输掉比赛

lose the game


6

好几千人(成千上万的人)

thousands of people


7

猛烈地撞到…上

crash into…


8

引起一场大的火灾

start/cause a big fire


9

惊恐地(处于恐惧之中)

in fear


10

地下的炸弹

bombs below/under the ground


11

从….上掉下来/摔下来

fall off = fall (down) from =drop from

倒下、掉下

fall down

跌倒、绊倒

fall over

倒下

come down = fall


12

朝四面八方跑去

run in all directions=run in every direction


13

跑出…../跑进….

run out of … / run into…


14

尽某人最大努力做某事

try one’s best to do sth.


15

镇定下来、平静下来

calm down


16

最后

finally = at last = in the end


17

结束

be over = end


18

被困住

be trapped


19

自言自语

say to oneself


20

片刻的恐惧

a moment of fear


21

(大声)求救

shout/call/scream for help


22

到处

everywhere = here and there


23

没有任何吃的东西

have nothing to eat


24

兴奋的叫声

excited shouts


25

急匆匆地去干某事

be in a (great) hurry to do sth.


26

降一点点

drop a little

降到零下5度

drop to -5℃


27

大约7度

(be) around 7℃


28

变得更坏

become/get worse


29

找借口

make excuses / make an excuse


30

叫某人(不要)做某事

tell/ask sb. (not) to do sth.

建议某人(不要)做某事

advise sb. (not) to do sth.

警告某人(不要)做某事

warn sb. (not) to do sth.

命令某人(不要)做某事

order sb. (not) to do sth.


31

把….搬走(代词放中间)

move …away


32

精神紧张

be nervous


33

经历地震后而存活下来

survive the earthquake


34

听起来像…

sound like….


35



天气预报

weather forecast


36

锁门

lock the door


37

跑下楼

run down the stairs


38

将(电器)打开/关闭

turn …on/off

将(电器音量)调高/调低

turn …up/down


39

走出教室

walk out of the classroom


40

一个接一个

one by one = one after another


41

一个事故报告

an accident report


42

打电话给110热线

call the 110 hotline


43

到达时间

the time of arrival


44

(严重)受伤(系表结构)

be (badly/seriously) hurt


45

着火

catch fire = be on fire


46

警方(集体名词)

the police


47

在风中

in the wind


48

朝….外看/朝….里看

look out of…. / look into…


49

继续做(同一件)事

continue to do sth. = continue doing sth.

=go on doing sth. = go on with sth.


50

用….将….盖起来

cover…with…..

….被…..覆盖起来

…..be covered with …

二、重点句子及句型:

1.My house is all wet.

2.Who’s going to mop it up if you don’t come with me?

3.A young boy fell from a tree and hurt his legs.

4.A coach crashed into a tree last night.

5.At first, I felt a slight shaking through my body.

6.People looked at each other in fear.

7.People ran in all directions. They didn’t know where to go.

8.Some people ran out of the shopping centre. I tried my best to run out to the street, too.

9.People ran wildly as pieces of glass and bricks fell down. Then the walls began to come down too.

10.I did not even know where I was(宾从).

11. “I’m trapped,” I said to myself.

12.A moment of fear went through my mind but I told myself to calm down since I was still alive.

13.People were in a great hurry to move away the bricks and stones.

14.He survived the earthquake in 1999.

15.It sounded like bombs under the ground.

16.It rained heavily last night.= There was a heavy rain last night.

It will be snowy tomorrow. = It will snow tomorrow.= There will be snow tomorrow.

17.It took me longer to get to school.

18.Everybody had to hurry since there would be no buses in two hours.

19.Mr Wu told us to go home. / Mr Wu asked Simon to close the windows.

Simon advised Daniel to wear a raincoat./ Mr Wu warned us not to run.

He told us to walk out of the classroom one by one. / Mr Wu ordered Simon to close the windows.

20.The snow covers the whole place. = The whole place is covered with the snow.

21.A man named Su Ning called the 110 hotline at 7:40p.m. using his mobile phone.

22.Mr Su felt cold and frightened but he was not hurt.

23.I know that bad weather can be dangerous.

Bad weather sometimes causes natural disasters.

24.There was a heavy storm with thunder and lightning.

25.Her school caught fire because lightning hit it.

26.Snow continued to fall around us.

27.We lost our umbrella in the wind and I nearly fell over.

28.We could do nothing but walk slowly in the storm.

29.I looked out of the window and saw that people were in a hurry to remove the snow.

三、语法:

1.because, as , since 引导原因状语从句。

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